Who Invented the First Laser Printer? the History of Laser Printers

January 28th, 2011

The Laser Printer was invented at Xerox in 1969. The earliest model was based on the company’s own xerographic copiers and was modified according to the requirements of a printer. Researcher Gary Starkweather is credited with its research and development and by the year 1971, he had brought into being a fully functional networked printer system. Over a period of time, the business of laser printing earned billions of dollars for Xerox.

The First Laser Printing Machines

Commercial laser printers were first integrated into use by way of the IBH model 3800 in the year 1976.  It was used by businesses to print high-volume documents like mailing labels and invoices. All in all it was a very primitive version of the modern day printers and was quite large. One of the first laser printers that were specially designed for use with an individual computer was the Xerox Star 8010 that was released in 1981. The biggest problem with this printer was the expense. Their price was around $17,000 which actually made it unaffordable for most individuals and business so its use was limited to a relatively smaller number of businesses.

The rise of the Laser Printers

It was only after the use of personal computers started becoming more widespread that HP introduced one of the first laser printers targeted at the mass market. This printer was the HP LaserJet 8ppm and was released in 1984. An interesting fact to note here was that is used a Canon engine, which was in turn controlled by HP software. This printer became very popular and hence companies like IBM, Brother Industries etc followed it up with their own printers of the laser variety.

The Role of Laser Printers

Apart from the regular printing jobs that a printer was supposed to perform, laser printing popularized the process of desktop publishing. This was given an added fillip with the release of the Apple LaserWriter for its Apple Macintosh computers in 1985. This was accompanied by the Aldus PageMaker, which further popularized desktop publishing.

Popularity of the Printers

The prices of electronic devices have fallen over the years and so has the cost of laser printers and cartridges. Moreover, the size of such printers for offices or home has also gone down and today their sizes are acceptable for use in homes and small offices as well.  What this essentially means is that the development and technological research in the printing industry never ends.

These devices are satisfying all kinds of needs and requirements pertinent to documentation and are achieving the highest standards of quality and reliability and are regularly setting new benchmarks for the same. Each and every development will be written down in a new chapter of history and chances are that the history of laser printing machines will be never ending.

John C. Arkin

Hp Printer Accessories Available to Enhance Your Printer’s Capabilities

January 24th, 2011

HP printers and HP Printer accessories are considered top of the line printers. They have an impressive collection of printers available to fit your individual needs. Everything from a basic inkjet to an all-in-one model for your home office is available. There are specialized large-capacity printers and compact printers designed for photo printing.

Determine Your Needs Before Making a Choice
HP printer accessories like scanners, copiers and ink cartridges are just a few of the items you can pick to help personalize your printer’s performance. Before choosing HP printer accessories for your printer, it’s important to know what you need and be aware of the many accessories that are available on the market. You will need to know how the different HP printer accessories will affect your printer’s performance.

The Advantage of HP Printer Accessories
There are many different printer accessories on the market. However, the name Hewlett Packard has a reputation for quality. HP printer accessories and other Hewlett Packard products are expected to meet certain standards in order to carry the brand name. It’s true; there are new printer and accessory products coming out all the time. But many consumers have been burned after taking a chance on lesser known products. HP printer accessories and other products are known to receive high product ratings and raving reviews by experts and consumers alike. Consumers are confident in the quality of these products.

The Most Popular HP Printer Accessories
The demand for printers in homes and businesses continues to increase. As demand in this industry shows no signs of slowing, a new market featuring printer accessories is growing quickly. Some of the more popular HP printer accessories are:

•    USB Cables. Most HP printers today require a USB cable to be connected to the port in their computer so that the printer will work.
•    Hard Drives. You can purchase a separate printer hard drive that provides extra storage space. These types of HP printer accessories are commonly used in big offices where lots of printing is performed.
•    Connectivity Devices. These HP printer accessories include items such as adapters, adapter cards and connectivity card to ensure that your printer functions properly.
•    Network Print Servers.  These HP printer accessories can allow you to print from any computer within the established network.
•    Printer Software.  There are a variety of HP printer accessories and software applications to help you customize your printer functions. Make sure the software you choose is compatible before making a purchase.
•    Paper Handling Accessories. Various paper handling trays and bins assist with organization as you print. Some bins can accommodate different sizes.

These and more HP printer accessories can allow you to get the most out of your printer by making it easier to use or improving its function. Adding the right HP printer accessories can customize your printer to work better for you.

Kimberly Ben

Photocopier Technology: Its History , Workings, And Usage Today

January 24th, 2011

photocopiers have been around for over 70 years and they are growing in popularity every year. While they were originally considered a luxury in the workplace, most offices now couldn’t function without one. They are as common as the coffee pot in the break room in most office environments.

There are many different models and brands of copiers in the marketplace today. Some of them use different technologies to make copies, but they all accomplish the same basic thing. Let’s look at a few of the more popular models on the market. One great photocopier is the Canon Imageclass MF7280 Duplex Copier. This copier utilizes laser technology to make its photocopies. This model is made for speed and is essential at a workplace that requires it. Your documents will print much faster than most copiers. You’ll love the functionality and ease of use that this copier provides.

Another model to consider is the Brother DCP-7020 Laser Digital copier. This copier features a pretty good speed at up to 17 copies per minute. It can reduce down to 25% and enlarges up to 400%. This is a little more economic choice than the first one if that is a factor in your decision.

Regardless of what photocopier you choose, it should be reliable. There is nothing more frustrating than a copier that is always having problems. It always seems to pick the busiest and most important day at your workplace to get jammed or mess up. You want to find a copier that is top-notch in its performance and is easily repairable. Getting a copier on its last leg isn’t usually a good idea, because repair parts are not readily available for it. Get a newer model that is known to be reliable.

The main two types of technology that are used in copiers now are xerography and laser printing. Laser is starting to emerge in many copiers, but xerography is the most widely used form of copier in the workplace. The idea behind xerography is simple but effective. The copier puts negatively charged areas on to the paper. The toner in the copier is positively charged and sticks to the negatively charged areas. The toner is then melted onto the paper with heat, which prevents it from wiping off. This makes copying fast and efficient.

In today’s market there are also a number of multifunctional devices being sold. Instead of just being a copier, the copier now doubles as a scanner, printer, and fax machine. It can be hooked up to the internet and send and receive emails. The list of functions that many of these new copiers have is virtually endless. In order to decide which type of device is best for you, look at what you’ll be using it for. Don’t buy something with functions that you don’t need just because someone tells you that you need it. Find the multifunction device that fits your offices budget and needs. This is the only real way to decide.

The history of the photocopier dates all the way back to 1938. It was then that Chester Carlson made the first photocopy. He was actually a patent attorney and grew tired of making all of those copies by hand. His arthritic hands made him search for an alternate method and he eventually found it. Thanks to his efforts we can now all enjoy the benefits of a photocopier. Regardless of which model you choose, it sure beats copying things by hand.

Ed Terran

Where to Go in San Diego When Your Printer Needs Repair

January 21st, 2011

Printers conk on us; that is what they do, sometimes.  It could be for many, various reasons.  Maybe there is something wrong with the circuitry that made it fail to power up or communicate with the printer properly.

Maybe we spilled something on it and we did not exactly do anything afterwards.  When printers conk on us, the only thing to do is to get the printer repaired.  Maybe there is a jam or a loose thread somewhere inside the machine.  Maybe we used ink that is incompatible with it in our effort to save on printer ink cartridges.

If you live in San Diego, where should you go to get a repair job done for your printer?  To find the place where you could take your printer for repairs, all you need to do is to open your local yellow pages, whether that big, bulky book that people sometimes subscribe to from the Yellow Pages Company, or its online versions and other directory listings on the Internet.  There are probably dozens of stores that offer printer repair services in San Diego.

Here are a handful of store names that we pulled out from different online city searches for San Diego that give printer repair services to its clients.

PG Technical Services.  A business that started out in 1990, PG Technical Services began as a company that offered health care services to residents of San Diego.  They have long since diversified, and among the other ventures they have entered into are computer and network services, including printer repair.

San Diego copiers and Office Products.  This company is mainly into sales, specializing in copiers, computers, office supplies and office furniture.  They claim to have around 30,000 products listed in their inventories from more than a hundred different manufacturers.  But inasmuch as their orientation is sales, they also offer printer repair services for their clients, and they state that their response time is no more than four hours.

Printer Repair Depot.  Located along Clairmont Mesa Boulevard, Printer Repair Depot is a shop that specializes in printer repairs and printer sales.  They are reputed to give fast and quality service not just to San Diego residents but to the whole of South California.

Choosing a Printer Repair Shop

As much as possible, we should take our conked out printers to the service centers accredited by their manufacturers when they need repair.  The reason for this is that accredited service centers are more than highly likely to have the genuine parts needed in the required printer repair.

In the absence of available accredited service centers, aside from the fact that their services can be more costly, there are other repair shops that we can take our printers to.  Before we let the people in these repair shops touch our printers, we should consider not just the speed by which they can get repairs done, but also a guarantee that their repair jobs are done with high quality standards.  This guarantee can come in a form of a warranty.

John C. Arkin

Digital Business Products

January 17th, 2011

Technology makes it possible for professionals to manage, perform, and monitor various tasks efficiently and more effectively using a single device or equipment. Since the beginning of the digital era, doing business transactions has never been easy and fun. If you are still one of the very few people still juggling their countless works and home tasks using old and grumpy apparatus then I suggest you look at the items below and your life will never be the same again…

Multifunction

Imagine your fax machine, photo copier, scanner, printer, and phone all combined in a single unit. You can save so much money, space, and most importantly free yourself from the trouble of setting, configuring, maintaining and repairing all these units. Most mulifunctions currently offered in the market have all or some of the typical office business products such as the abovementioned equipment. Popular manufactures of multifunctions are Panasonic, Xerox, Canon, Lexmark, Philips, Sharp and Epson. With multifunctions, everything you need to do your business is all in one place.

Projectors

Any presentation, be it a product demo, annual report meeting, or company event, will never be successful without an effective and creative visual effects. Most projectors are very handy and portable. A presenter can effortlessly persuade his audience about something because of what is projected in front of them. Projectors also make it possible for a huge number of viewers to see clearly what is being presented even if they are seated quite a distance away from the presenter.

PDA

Almost everything right now is done online. From reading important business messages, confirming client meetings, checking daily sales to inventory tracking, the internet ensures we can d business anytime and anywhere we are. And that is the reason why PDA’s have become popular and a must-to-have gadget for every professional individual who is constantly on the go. With a PDA, important files and contacts are only a click away. One can read and send emails, access important websites, organize files and documents without the need to reach the office, manage people’s addresses and contact numbers and even find the shortest route to an unknown meeting place. Isn’t it great?

Voice recorders

Modern models of  voice recorders come with special features such as voice recognition, joining and splitting of files, uploading of voice files, advanced security settings, and easy connection to other devices such as your persona computer. Years ago, voice recorders are simply used to document voice files but now you can use it to do other tasks which were normally done using other devices. Its name shouldn’t be voice recorder anymore!

Ronaldo Fisher

Brief History of the Xerox Company

January 10th, 2011

In 1906, the Xerox Company was founded in Rochester, New York. First known as The Haloid Company, it specialized in manufacturing photographic equipment and paper. It became “Haloid Xerox” in 1958 and then “Xerox” in 1961.

Its name is so ubiquitous that to “Xerox” something has become a verb and part of American vernacular instead of just a company name. And in fact, its claim to fame is as the manufacturer of the first plain paper photocopier, introduced in 1959. By 1961, Xerox had made almost $60 million in revenue, and by 1965, revenues jumped to over $500 million. Its burgeoning profits were very welcome news for the investors who had believed in and helped finance the research and development of the product in question, which finally made them wealthy. In fact, some of them became millionaires.

Xerox introduced desktop copying in 1963, laser printing in 1969, and color copying in 1973. However, its product line didn’t just stop there. In 1970, it opened a new research facility in Palo Alto, California and developed such innovative products and techniques as the graphical user interface and the mouse. However, its developments remained focused on its basis for household recognition, Xeroxing — that is to say, photocopying.

To that end, after a brief foray into computer products that weren’t particularly successful, Xerox returned its focus to photocopying and improving design and quality of its product line in the 1980s and 1990s. It regained a technical lead over competition by revamping its product line to include high-end laser printers with scanners attached that could be connected to computer networks. This gave its customers ease of use by giving them a complete service in regard to document handling, including user support, configuration, supply and maintenance.

An acquisition of the Tektronix color printing and imaging division in Wilsonville, Oregon further gave a Xerox of leading edge with its new focus on the Xerox Phaser product line and its printing technology in solid ink.

New lease on life

As of 2000, Xerox completed its turnaround and is once again a solidly established company with a leading edge in the marketplace. Xerox continues its dominance in the photocopy and document-managing sector of the industry with its current line of printers. Currently, the major players in the photocopying and printing sector include printers that function in multiple ways, Xerox Phaser printers, photocopiers, and new workflow software under a new strategy called “FreeFlow.” FreeFlow in particular has brought Xerox into the graphic arts market and the print industry. The company has also begun to sell selling digital scanners and printers.

In addition, it continues to sell the “legacy” products that made it a household name — but those, too, have been revamped for the 21st century. Xerox still specializes in printer sales, selling both black and white and color printers. It also sells digital presses (the newest, the Xerox iGen 4, was launched in May of 2008).

It also continues to sell professional printers, black and white copiers and fax machines, among other products. Xerox has also recently branched into selling office supplies.

What’s perhaps most notable about Xerox, though, is that its products cover the gamut, from commercial to home use. Several of its products, for example, are priced for the average consumer and yet produce high-quality results regardless. For example, the Phaser 6110MFP is priced quite reasonably for its abilities, with some models under $600. Various Phaser models include the ability to print, copy, fax or scan; another model copies, prints or scans. Both will do so in either color or black and white. Put very simply, this is very high quality for a very reasonable price.

In conclusion, Xerox is a company that’s been around for more than a century. It revolutionized business with its ability to inexpensively and quickly make copies, and has since gone on to become so ubiquitous that its name has become part of the vernacular. It remains top-of-the-line in the 21st century as it adjusts its product line to meet the changing needs of consumers and businesses alike.

Ed Terran

Canon Toner Cartridges

January 6th, 2011

Canon’s reputation for implementing a product that maximises your printer’s performance is unparalleled by no other printer supply manufacturer.

We often take care in purchasing a reliable printer that is sure to offer the highest quality of images and documents in order to maintain professionalism whether at home or work. Although the quality of the printer is paramount we often disregard the fact that the quality of the ink has a huge impact on the finished result.

The Enigma and history of ink dates back to the Egyptians and the Chinese in 2500. B.C when it was made from fine particles of carbon called lampblack for the colorant. Nowadays the ink is a chemical formulation with various specific properties in mind in order to achieve maximum staying power as well as optimum clarity and precision.

This type of technology occurs in Canon’s labs and brought to us specifically for our Canon products. In 1982 they were the pioneers of all-in-one toner cartridges both for personal copiers and laser printers, and also pioneered the first toner cartridge recycling program in 1990.
Canon Toner can offer you the following;-

Cheaper alternatives to the genuine Canon toner do not ensure the production of sharp, smooth and clean printouts that Canon produces.

By buying genuine Canon toner your images and documents are guaranteed to be of a professional print quality and due to the replacement of certain components when you replace your Canon toner your machine will perform as if it were new.

When you purchase a printer or fax machine or copier you hope it is a product that is built to last and continuously produce the level of quality you desire. This can only be achieved however by only allowing genuine Canon toner to work in synergy with your Canon printer.

If you’re looking for a product that offers you some of the best results on the market, than Canon Toner is a must.

David Gabbitas

Web Search Rankings And Plagiarism

March 30th, 2010

Search Engines and Duplicate Content

Plagiarism, which is nothing but copied content, produces duplicate content between two websites. It is well known that search engines are adverse to duplicate or identical content and that page rankings can suffer because of plagiarism. Google has guidelines against plagiarism and warns website owners against creating multiple pages, subdomains, or domains with substantially duplicate content, as stated in its Webmaster Guidelines. Having even a substantially duplicate content, much more a totally duplicate website, will penalize a websites’ page rank.

In addition to having the page rank penalized, the website containing plagiarized work or duplicate content can even be affected so much so that it won’t even make it to the search results listing. This happens because web crawlers, in an effort to be more efficient, do not crawl duplicate and near-duplicate sites that they have determined in their previous crawl. Because of this, duplicate sites do not even get indexed by the web crawlers, and so are not listed in the results page. In Google, mirrored sites are delegated to the link at the bottom of the results page which says “Similar Results have been omitted…”

Higher Ranking for Plagiarists’ Websites

The problem, however, lies when search engines instead of penalizing plagiarists end up penalizing the website that actually wrote the original content. Website owners of original content oftentimes find that websites who have copied their content are given a better page rank by search engines.

Why Plagiarists Get a Higher Page Rank

This problem of being ranked lower than plagiarists’ site happens mainly since Google and other search engines algorithms are unable to distinguish between the original and the duplicate or copied content in their index. Although it is true that search engines in general are adverse to identical content, since there is currently no way for the search engines to know which content is original, website owners of the original content oftentimes find that their site actually gets a lower ranking than a plagiarists’ site. Hence website owners of original content are the one that sometimes get penalized for plagiarism.

Also, plagiarists, who are driven by profit use other SEO techniques that drive their page rank much higher. Hence, website owners with original content but without very good optimization techniques often find themselves ranked lower than content “borrowers”. This is of course a serious issue for website owners, especially business websites whose revenue gets affected by the lower page rank.

One way that search engines address the issue of duplicate content is by assigning priority for the content of the website that was indexed first. By rule of seniority, the first site that posts the content should be the site that contains the original content. This works most of the time but breaks down when plagiarists copy the content quite fast so that crawlers sometimes do index the copied site before the original one. When this happens the site with the copied content gets priority over that of the original content. To avoid this, some website owners use the Sitemaps system to submit their articles or other fresh content to Google. This ensures that the submitted content will be known to Google as the original and not the copy.

Fighting Plagiarism and its Effect on Your Page Rank

Plagiarism has been an issue long before the World Wide Web was created. The creation of the Internet has made it easier and more lucrative for plagiarists to copy content and pass it off as their own without any regard to copyright laws. As mentioned earlier it is a serious threat to business owners and at the very least is a source of irritation to bloggers whose posts or articles oftentimes get ripped off. Because of this, while most companies do their best to fight plagiarists many individuals find themselves losing heart. The fight against plagiarism seems to be a losing battle, especially to those who have no idea in countering plagiarism.

The first thing website owners can do is to find out in the first place if their site has been plagiarized. A good way to do this is by using Copyscape. Copyscape lets website owners enter their web pages’ URL and then proceeds to scan other websites and notify the user for very close matches in content. Using the standard Google search also works. Simply copy a short paragraph from your webpage and paste it in Google’s search box to come up with all the other websites that contain the same or similar information.

In case your content has been copied the next best step to take is to make a copy of the copied page(s) and then send an email to the website requesting them to remove the copied material or at least for a back link and proper crediting of the work, depending on your objective. In case the website owner or administrator doesn’t reply at all or in a favorable manner, the next step to take is to contact the web hosting company they are using. Inform them that the site that they are currently hosting is infringing copyright and that they have a responsibility legally to regulate such sites. This could lead them to pressure the site to remove the copied content. However, this tack doesn’t always work. When this happens it is time to take a more legal action and contact your lawyer. According to an advice given by Roy Sumatra, in case your web page rank is affected by the copied website do contact the search engines wherein your page rank is affected. Google is aggressive and serious in dealing with infringement issues and has guidelines for dealing with infringement of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act.

For those who want to prevent the hassle of being penalized as the copier of your own original content, as mentioned earlier, it is best to submit your content to through the Sitemaps system. By using the system, the content is submitted directly to Google and indexed by them automatically so that the content will be known as the original one and be given priority in case of plagiarism.

Danny Wirken
http://www.articlesbase.com/communication-articles/web-search-rankings-and-plagiarism-56618.html

Fax Machines Pull Double Duty

March 18th, 2010

If you work in an office, you probably already know how indispensable the office fax machine, copy machine and scanners are to the people who work in the office. The day to day goings on in the office world involve the copying, scanning and fax transmission of scanned and copied documents around the world on a daily basis.

One of the most convenient developments in the world of “convergence products” (a class of products that have been developed as hybrid devices that perform the tasks and have the full capabilities of multiple devices) is the office Fax/Scanner/copier devices that are becoming popular in SOHO and enterprise office environments around the world.

Within this class of product are several tiers of devices with varying levels of functionality. Entry level SOHO units are small desktop or tabletop devices that are not much larger than a standard fax machine. These devices usually connect to a host PC via USB or Ethernet (or both) and allow programs that can utilize its printing, faxing, scanning and copying capabilities to use it for any of these purposes. These small office machines replace an entire shelf of electronics that not only take up floor space, but also require users to visit multiple machines to accomplish one task.

On the higher end of the digital convergence office machines lives devices like Konica Minolta’s “BizHub” line of devices. These convergence units can perform all the roles of the smaller tabletop units, but also function as a network center for road warriors to connect back to the office and utilize the resources on site as if they were there. The BizHub line of devices allow for employees on the road to connect back to the office via a secure VPN connection enabled by the BizHub device. Users on the network can share data with off site employees as if they were in the same room. No need to deal with emails and attachments and disorganized communications. This new breed of office device does the job of many other devices while enabling inter-office communication that simply was not possible before its development.

James Hunt
http://www.articlesbase.com/technology-articles/fax-machines-pull-double-duty-9404.html

Work At Home In Data Entry?

March 15th, 2010

Recently data entry has become one of the most in demand work at home jobs. However, there are now a great many scams trying to blend in with the many legitimate data entry work at home jobs. How does someone know whether they are applying for the genuine article? And while questions are being posed, what does a data entry work at home job involve for the average individual? In order to understand it better, here us some information about the job.

Working at Home in Data Entry.

Streamlining offices and making the task of word processing easier is something most organizations are constantly looking for these days. It’s no wonder, what with the focus being placed on information these days. This is perhaps one of the biggest causes behind the boom currently being experienced in the field of data entry at home.

As the name itself implies, the work of a data entry employee typically includes setting up and preparing reports, mailing labels, letters, and other textual material. Data entry jobs are often entry-level and so those holding this position may begin by addressing envelopes, typing headings on form letters, or preparing standard forms on typewriters or computers. As they gain more experience they may be assigned to complete more complicated tasks that require a higher degree of accuracy and independent judgment.

For working at home, an average data entry employee must word processing equipment in order to do the job professionally. In a modern context, this translates to a personal computer with an ink-jet or laser printer, though some companies may allow their employees to make use of a part of a larger computer system. This typically would include a keyboard, video display terminal, and a printer. Whatever the case, the word processor is used to record, edit, store, and revise letters, reports, memos, forms, statistical tables, and other printed materials.

In addition to completing all the duties mentioned above, a work at home data entry job may also include other office tasks, such as answering telephones, operating copiers, filing, or using other office machines. There may be variation in job titles but the nature of the job remains essentially the same.

For example, many clerk typists are data entry employees who combine typing with filing, answering telephones, sorting mail, and other general office work. On the other hand, Note readers transcribe stenotype notes of court proceedings into standard formats.

Mary Miller
http://www.articlesbase.com/careers-articles/work-at-home-in-data-entry-83489.html